Wasps of the genus Trypoxylon are solitary and females mass-provision their nests with paralyzed spiders. Some Species use Successfully trap-nests for nesting foundation. making easier their sampling and study. This paper reports data about nesting biology of four species of Trypoxylon (Trypargilum) - T. rogenhoferi, T. lactitarse, T. aurifrons and T. nitidum. These species were sampled by trap-nests during three years in Araras and two years in Sao Carlos and Rifaina (Sao Paulo). These areas were subdivided into sampling, sites. A total of 2,698 nests of solitary hymenopterans, were collected and most of them (2,268) were founded by Trypoxylon species. Nesting activity was higher in the warm. rainy season (October-March). The trap-nests used by the different species showed significantly different dimensions. Araneidae was the Spider family Mainly used for provision. but a Species-specific provisioning was observed. The most important parasitoid of the four Species was Melittobia. but adult chrysidids, ichneumonids. chalcidids and sarcophagids also attacked then nests. In the three areas, the different species of Trypoxylon coexist temporally but each of them built their nests frequently in a specific site. This result may suggest differential occupation of the habitat. This habitat partition of an apparently homogeneous area may be a result of an apparent competition" Shaped by shared natural enemies.
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