Oldowan raw material procurement and use: Evidence from the Koobi Fora formation

  • Braun D
  • Harris J
  • Maina D
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Abstract

Raw material availability has been shown to be a major factor affecting the material culture of Oldowan tool users. Studies of artefact provenance often focus on site-specific raw material availability. Here, we use data from primary and secondary sources of raw material to develop a model of basin-scale stone availability in the eastern Turkana Basin, during the KBS and Okote Members of the Koobi Fora Formation. ED-XRF was used as a method of characterizing raw material sources and artefacts using trace elements. This model is applied to the site of FxJj 50 to investigate transport and discard patterns.

Author-supplied keywords

  • East africa
  • Oldowan
  • Provenance studies
  • Raw material
  • Stone tools
  • Turkana
  • XRF

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Authors

  • David R. Braun

  • J. W.K. Harris

  • D. N. Maina

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