Oleanolic acid suppresses ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation and Th2-mediated allergic asthma by modulating the transcription factors T-bet, GATA-3, RORγt and Foxp3 in asthmatic mice

  • Kim S
  • Hong J
  • Lee Y
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Abstract

The natural product oleanolic acid is commonly found in a variety of medicinal plants. It is a triterpenoid compound known for its anti-inflammatory effects as well as various other pharmacological properties. The aim of the current study was to use a mouse model of allergic asthma to investigate whether oleanolic acid has anti-asthmatic effects, and if so, to determine the mechanism of these effects. Oleanolic acid suppressed eosinophil infiltration, allergic airway inflammation, and Penh, which occurred by suppressing the production of IL-5, IL-13, IL-17, and ovalbumin-specific IgE through the upregulation of T-bet and Foxp3, and the downregulation of GATA-3 and RORγt. The therapeutic effect of oleanolic acid was due to suppression of Th2 cytokines (IL-5 and IL-13), B cell-dependent production of OVA-specific IgE, and Gr-1 expression through the T-bet, GATA-3, retinoic acid-related orphan receptor γ t (RORγ t) and forkhead box p3 (Foxp3) transcription pathways. It is therefore reasonable to suggest that the anti-inflammatory and anti-asthmatic effects of oleanolic acid may be exerted through inhibition of the GATA-3 and RORγt pathways. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Asthma
  • GATA-3
  • IL-17
  • Oleanolic acid
  • RORγt
  • Th2

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