Objectives: We evaluate the clinical results 1 year after an anatomic reconstruction of the aortic root in which we used a specifically designed aortic root prosthesis that incorporates the sinuses of Valsalva. Material and Methods: The new aortic Dacron prosthesis has a proximal portion in the Dacron conduit that expands on implantation, creating pseudosinuses. During a 12-month period, 28 patients (mean age 59 ± 14 years) underwent a Bentall operation (12 cases), a remodeling procedure (7 cases), and a reimplantation procedure (9 cases) with the use of a new aortic root conduit. All patients had aortic root aneurysm with an anatomically normal (for the valve-sparing procedure) or diseased aortic valve (for the Bentall operation). Five patients had aortic dissection and 5 had Marfan disease. The mean follow-up was 6 ± 3 months. All patients underwent postoperative transesophageal and transthoracic echocardiographic studies. Results: All patients survived and were in good clinical condition at the latest follow-up. Postoperative echocardiography showed a marked reduction in ventricular volumes in all patient groups (P < .0005). In the Bentall group the new prosthesis appeared to reduce the tension on the coronary ostial sutures. In patients undergoing both types of valve-sparing procedures a similar normal anatomy of the aortic root was reconstructed. In the reimplantation group the anulus was smaller than in the remodeling group (P = .01). Patients undergoing the reimplantation procedure had less bleeding and a lower incidence of residual valve insufficiency. Conclusions: The new aortic root prosthesis allowed the reconstruction of the aortic root anatomy in all types of surgical techniques with low postoperative morbidity.
Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research
Choose a citation style from the tabs below