Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders.

  • Brown R
  • Antonuccio D
  • DuPaul G
 et al. 
  • 3

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Abstract

Children and adolescents with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) have high levels of noncompliance, defiance, and disruptive behavior (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). Conduct disorder (CD), a more serious disruptive behavior disorder, includes violation of major norms and rules of society (e.g., stealing) as well as covert or overt antisocial behavior. Approximately 2% to 16% of children in the United States have ODD and 1% to 10% have CD, with boys at higher risk for both diagnoses. ODD typically begins early in life and can be chronic through adolescence. There are two forms of CD, one beginning in childhood and the other beginning in adolescence. Childhood-onset CD is more serious in terms of severity and chronicity of antisocial behavior (Moffitt, Caspi, Dickson, Silva, & Stanton, 1996). Children and adolescents with ODD or CD are at higher-than-average risk for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), family and social relationship difficulties, academic underachievement, delinquency, and eventual prison placement as adults (Frick & Loney, 1999). This chapter provides an overview of psychosocial interventions, psychopharmacological interventions, and combined interventions used in the treatment of ODD and CD. Risks and benefits of these interventions are also discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)

Author-supplied keywords

  • *Antisocial Behavior
  • *Behavior Disorders
  • *Conduct Disorder
  • *Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  • *Treatment
  • Child Psychotherapy
  • Drug Therapy

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Authors

  • Ronald T Brown

  • David O Antonuccio

  • George J DuPaul

  • Mary A Fristad

  • Cheryl A King

  • Laurel K Leslie

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