Porous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) thin films on quartz substrates were fabricated via evaporation of a 100-nm thick Al, followed by anodization with different durations and pore widening and Al removal by chemical etching. The transmittance and reflectance of AAO films on quartz substrates were measured by optical spectrophotometry. The microstructure and morphology were examined by scanning electron microscopy. The pore diameter of AAO films after pore widening and Al removal is 60 ± 4 nm and the interpore distance is 88 ± 5 nm. It is found that the reflectance decreases and the transmittance increases with the increase of the anodization time and pore widening. Compared to a bare substrate, the transmittance of AAO films after pore widening and Al removal is about 3.0% higher, while the reflectance is about 3.0% lower over a wide wavelength range. Additionally, after pore widening and Al removal, when AAO films are prepared on both sides of the quartz substrate, the highest transmittance is about 99.0% in the wavelength range 570-680 nm. The optical constants and thickness of AAO films after pore widening and Al removal were retrieved from normal incidence transmittance data. Results show that the refractive index is lower than 1.25 in the visible optical region and that the porosity is about 0.70. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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