Optimal location of green zones in metropolitan areas to control the urban heat island

  • Fernández F
  • Alvarez-Vázquez L
  • García-Chan N
 et al. 
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In this paper we analyze and numerically solve a problem related to the optimal location of green zones in metropolitan areas in order to mitigate the urban heat island effect. So, we consider a microscale climate model and analyze the problem within the framework of optimal control theory of partial differential equations. Finally we compute its numerical solution using the finite element method, with the help of the interior point algorithm IPOPT, interfaced with the FreeFem++ software package.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Green zones
  • Numerical modelling
  • Optimal control
  • Urban heat island

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  • F.J. Fernández

  • L.J. Alvarez-Vázquez

  • N. García-Chan

  • A. Martínez

  • M.E. Vázquez-Méndez

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