Optimization design of a reversible pump-turbine runner with high efficiency and stability

  • Zhu B
  • Wang X
  • Tan L
 et al. 
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Abstract

Frequent changes between pump and turbine operations pose significant challenges in the design of pump-turbine runners with high efficiency and stability. In this study, a multiobjective optimization design system, including a 3D inverse design, computational fluid dynamics, design of experiment, response surface methodology, and multiobjective genetic algorithm, is introduced and applied to the design of a middle-high-head pump-turbine runner. The key parameters in the design, including the blade loading, the blade lean at the high-pressure side of the runner, and the meridional channel shape, were selected as the optimized parameters. Two runners, one with a large positive blade lean and another with a large negative blade lean, were selected for further numerical investigations and measurements. Model tests show that both runners have good power performances. The runner with a negative blade lean has better stability than the runner with a positive blade lean.

Author-supplied keywords

  • 3D inverse design
  • CFD
  • Model test
  • Multiobjective optimization
  • Pump-turbine

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Authors

  • Lei TanTsinghua University

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  • Baoshan Zhu

  • Xuhe Wang

  • Dongyue Zhou

  • Yue Zhao

  • Shuliang Cao

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