Organic electroluminescent diodes

  • Tang C
  • Vanslyke S
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Abstract

A novel electroluminescent device is constructed using organic materials as the emitting elements. The diode has a double‐layer structure of organic thin films, prepared by vapor deposition. Efficient injection of holes and electrons is provided from an indium‐tin‐oxide anode and an alloyed Mg:Ag cathode. Electron‐hole recombination and green electroluminescent emission are confined near the organic interface region. High external quantum efficiency (1% photon/electron), luminous efficiency (1.5 lm/W), and brightness (>1000 cd/m2) are achievable at a driving voltage below 10 V.

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Authors

  • C. W. Tang

  • S. A. Vanslyke

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