Organizational socialization refers to the process by which a new member learns the value system, norms, and required behavior patterns of the society, organization, or group. Organizations socialize their new members by creating a series of events that serve the function of undoing old values so the person is prepared to learn new ones. This process is often unpleasant and requires strong motivation to endure it or strong organizational forces to make the individual endure it. Forming a peer group of novices is often an answer to the problem of defense against the powerful organization and can strongly enhance the socialization process if peer group norms support organizational norms. Building commitment and loyalty is one of the important functions of organizational socialization. Failures of socialization include nonconformity and overconformity. The basic responses to socialization can be labeled as: 1. rebellion, 2. creative individualism, and 3. conformity. The most problematical area of concern is that in the traditional professions like medicine, individualism is supported by professional attitudes that immunize the person against some of the forces of the organization.
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