Outcomes of chronic heart failure

  • Benatar D
  • Bondmass M
  • Ghitelman J
 et al. 
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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Outcomes related to chronic heart failure (HF) remain relatively poor, despite advances in pharmacological therapy and medical and nursing care. Experts agree that outpatient care may be among the factors that affect HF outcomes. We hypothesized that the method by which outpatient care is delivered may affect outcomes in this patient population. METHODS: A prospective, randomized design was used to compare HF outcomes from 216 patients randomized to 1 of 2 home health care delivery methods for 3 months after discharge. Care was delivered by the home nurse visit (HNV) or the nurse telemanagement (NTM) method. In the latter, patients used transtelephonic home monitoring devices to measure their weight, blood pressure, heart rate, and oxygen saturation. These data were transmitted daily to a secure Internet site. An advanced-practice nurse worked collaboratively with a cardiologist and subsequently treated patients via the telephone. Both delivery methods used the same HF-specific clinical guidelines to direct care. Outcomes include HF readmissions and length of stay, anxiety, depression, self-efficacy, and quality of life. Data were primarily tested using a 2-group analysis of variance (ANOVA). We used a repeated-measures ANOVA to conduct preintervention-postintervention analyses. RESULTS: After 3 months, patients in the NTM group (n = 108; mean +/- SD age, 62.9 +/- 13.2 years; 83% African American; 64% female) had fewer HF readmissions (13 vs 24; P

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Anxiety
  • Blood Pressure
  • Chicago
  • Chronic Disease
  • Depression
  • Female
  • Guidelines
  • Health
  • Heart
  • Heart Failure
  • Heart Rate
  • Home Care Services
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Illinois
  • Internet
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Care
  • Oxygen
  • Patient Readmission
  • Patient Selection
  • Patients
  • Population
  • Pressure
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Questionnaires
  • Research
  • Self Efficacy
  • Telemedicine
  • Telephone
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Universities
  • analysis
  • blood
  • drug therapy
  • ethnology
  • etiology
  • management
  • methods
  • nursing
  • patient
  • physiopathology
  • psychology
  • therapy

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  • PMID: 12578516

Authors

  • D Benatar

  • M Bondmass

  • J Ghitelman

  • B Avitall

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