Pain management 1: psychological and social aspects of pain

  • Adams N
  • Field L
  • 1

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Abstract

This two-part article presents psychological and social factors which affect pain perception and response and the implications of these for nursing practice. In this article, the complex interactions between neurophysiological and psychological factors are outlined and theories of pain perception and ways in which the pain experience can be modulated are presented. The role of psychological factors, attitudes, beliefs and expectations of both patient and practitioner, pain behaviours and ability to cope are discussed. In the second part, these are further elaborated with particular reference to the nurse-patient interaction. The use of psychological approaches to augment clinical practice, such as education, reduction of anxiety and improving coping ability, are suggested. Finally, the importance of communication skills in pain management is addressed

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acupuncture Therapy
  • Adaptation,Psychological
  • Affect
  • Analgesics
  • Anxiety
  • Article
  • Attitude
  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • Attitude to Health
  • Cognitive Therapy
  • Communication
  • Counseling
  • Depression
  • Health
  • Human
  • Knowledge,Attitudes,Practice
  • Massage
  • Nociceptors
  • Pain
  • Perception
  • Review
  • Risk Factors
  • Science
  • Sick Role
  • Theory
  • Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
  • Universities
  • University
  • complications
  • education
  • etiology
  • nursing
  • physiopathology
  • prevention & control
  • psychology
  • therapeutic use

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Authors

  • N Adams

  • L Field

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