Researchers have examined building information modeling BIM, or parametric three-dimensional computer-aided design, from a myriad of technological perspectives. Many of these studies focus on examining or enhancing the interoperability of building information modeling technologies across project networks. The interoperability of business practices that must complement technological interoperability has been largely ignored. In this paper we examine building information modeling practice paradigms in project networks. We combine qualitative and quantitative data and analytical approaches to investigate 26 specific cases of firms using BIM tools. We identify four distinct practice paradigms and then induce an evolutionary model for building information modeling practice paradigm trajectories in project networks. The findings highlight the importance of understanding and developing interorganizational work practices to reap the benefits of building information modeling.
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