Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol. 8, issue 2 (2008) pp. 397-406
The sensitivity of an operational CO2-responsive land surface model (the ISBA-A-gs model of Météo-France) to the atmospheric CO2 concentration, (CO2), is investigated for 3 vegetation types (winter wheat, irrigated maize, coniferous forest). Past (1960) and future (2050) scenarios of (CO2) corresponding to 320ppm and 550ppm, respectively, are explored. The sensitivity study is performed for 4 annual cycles presenting contrasting conditions of precipitation regime and air temperature, based on continuous measurements performed on the SMOSREX site near Toulouse, in southwestern France. A significant CO2-driven reduction of canopy conductance is simulated for the irrigated maize and the coniferous forest. The reduction is particularly large for maize, from 2000 to 2050 (-18%), and triggers a drop in optimum irrigation (-30 mm y-1). In the case of wheat, the response is more complex, with an equal occurrence of enhanced or reduced canopy conductance.
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