Path analysis of the causal elements in Bandura's theory of self-efficacy and an anxiety-based model of avoidance behavior

  • Feltz D
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Abstract

Employed path-analysis techniques to investigate the predictions of
A. Bandura's (1977) model of self-efficacy and an anxiety-based model
in the approach/avoidance behavior of 80 female college students
attempting a modified back-dive. The Bandura model predicted that
a reciprocal relationship existed between self-efficacy and back-diving
performance and that self-efficacy was the mediator of back-diving
performance. The anxiety-based model included performance, self-reported
anxiety, and physiological arousal as causal influences of back-diving
performance. Self-efficacy was hypothesized to be an effect rather
than a causal influence of performance. Results provide little support
for either model. A respecified model was proposed that included
both previous performances and self-efficacy as predictors of back-diving
performance. The respecified model explained more performance variance
than did either of the other 2 models. (28 ref)

Author-supplied keywords

  • anxiety based model of avoidance behavior
  • self efficacy, performance of high-avoidance diving task, female college students, implications for self efficacy as intervening variable vs effect &

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Authors

  • Deborah L. Feltz

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