Plant hormones play important roles in regulating developmental processes and signalling networks involved in plant responses to a wide range of biotic and abiotic stresses. Salicylic acid (SA), jasmonates (JA) and ethylene (ET) are well known to play crucial roles in plant disease and pest resistance. However, the roles of other hormones such as abscisic acid (ABA), auxin, gibberellin (GA), cytokinin (CK) and brassinosteroid (BL) in plant defence are less well known. Much progress has been made in understanding plant hormone signalling and plant disease resistance. However, these studies have mostly proceeded independently of each other, and there is limited knowledge regarding interactions between plant hormone-mediated signalling and responses to various pathogens. Here, we review the roles of hormones other than SA, JA and ET in plant defence and the interactions between hormone-mediated signalling, plant defence and pathogen virulence. We propose that these hormones may influence disease outcomes through their effect on SA or JA signalling. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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