Performance of Fukuda Stepping Test as a Function of the Severity of Caloric Weakness in Chronic Dizzy Patients

  • Honaker J
  • Shepard N
  • 16


    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 8


    Citations of this article.


BACKGROUND: The purpose of the Fukuda Stepping Test (FST) is to measure asymmetrical vestibulospinal reflex tone resulting from labyrinthine dysfunction. The FST is a low cost evaluation for dizzy patients; however, when compared with gold standard caloric irrigation unilateral weakness (UW) value ≥25%, the FST has not been shown to be a sensitive tool for identifying unilateral vestibular hypofunction.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this technical report is to further evaluate the clinical utility of FST with and without headshake as a function of increased caloric asymmetry for individuals with unilateral peripheral vestibular pathology.

RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective review of FST results with and without head shaking component as compared to gold standard, caloric irrigation UW outcome values at four severity levels: 0-24% UW (normal caloric value); 25-50% UW (mild caloric UW); 51-75% UW (moderate caloric UW); 76-100% UW (severe caloric UW). Study Sample: 736 chronic (≥8 wk symptom complaints) dizzy patients.

RESULTS: Standard FST and FST following a head shake task are insensitive to detecting mild to moderate peripheral vestibular paresis. Increased test performance was observed for patients with severe canal paresis (>76% UW); however, continued inconsistencies were found in turn direction toward the severe unilateral vestibular dysfunction.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, the FST provides little benefit to clinicians when used in the vestibular bedside examination.

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document


  • Julie A. Honaker

  • Neil T. Shepard

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free