Four tooth-containing blocks were obtained from patients being treated for infraosseous lesions of significant depth as part of their periodontal therapy. Treatment consisted of open flap debridement and professional cleansing at least every 4 weeks. Teeth in block were removed for histologic study 4 to 6 months after surgery. Histologic evaluation of the repair process showed pocket closure by epithelial and connective tissue adhesions in the form of an elongated junction epithelium, beneath which parallel-oriented fibers adhered to the root for a limited distance. Apical to this adhesion, functionally inserted fibers were present. Since no cementogenesis was seen at these latter areas, it must be assumed that the inserted fibers were present before the surgery and were not significantly affected by the procedure. No significant evidence of crestal osteogenesis was noted. However, comparison of the clinical osseous profile recorded at the time of surgical debridement with the flat crest seen in two of our cases histologically, suggests that significant crestal resorption had taken place postsurgically in some of these lesions.
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