Peroxide Vulcanization of Elastomers

  • Dluzneski P
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Abstract

A review focuses on the crosslinking mechanism underlying the use of peroxide as an alternative to sulfur in the vulcanization of elastomers. The mechanism involves only three steps, the homolytic cleavage of the peroxide, hydrogen abstraction and formation of the polymer chain radical, and coupling of polymer chain radicals. When devising a rubber formulation, it is necessary to consider the potential chem. interferences that common ingredients could cause in peroxide-cured systems. Several important parameters, such as selection of peroxides, oils, fillers, antioxidants, and coagents, should be taken into consideration to optimize processing and performance of the final product. [on SciFinder(R)]

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Authors

  • Peter R. Dluzneski

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