Persistent spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: A common complication in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and a high score in the model for end-stage liver disease

  • Desai A
  • Reau N
  • Reddy K
 et al. 
  • 25

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 9

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is associated with a high mortality rate. After antibiotic therapy, improvement in fluid polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell count is expected within 2 days. However, our institution recognized cases unresponsive to standard treatment.

METHODS: To study these recalcitrant cases, we completed a retrospective chart review of patients admitted for SBP to the University of Chicago from 2002 to 2007. SBP was defined by an ascitic PMN cell count ≥250/ml.

RESULTS: Of 55 patients with SBP, 15 did not show improvement in fluid PMN cell count to below 250/ml with standard treatment, leading to a prevalence of 27%. The patients with persistent SBP were younger than those with nonpersistent SBP [mean (SD) 51.80 (9.84) compared with 58.13 (8.79); p = 0.0253]. Persistent SBP had a higher serum ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) [median (Q1, Q3) 1.85 (1.50, 2.41) compared with 1.10 (0.60, 1.60)] and a higher score in the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) [mean (SD) 27.98 (8.09) compared with 22.22 (8.10)] than nonpersistent SBP patients; p = 0.027 and p = 0.023, respectively. In addition, persistent SBP patients were more likely to have a positive ascitic fluid culture than nonpersistent SBP patients [odds ratio (OR) (95% CI) 4.33 (1.21, 15.47); p = 0.024]. Importantly, in-hospital mortality in the persistent SBP group was 40%, compared with 22.5% in the nonpersistent SBP group [OR = 2.30 (0.64, 8.19); p = 0.20].

CONCLUSIONS: The risk of persistent SBP is nearly 40% in patients with MELD score >25, SAAG >1.5 or positive ascitic fluid culture. Furthermore, patients who develop persistent SBP tend to experience a higher mortality rate. This study underscores the importance of further examination of this vulnerable population.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Ascites
  • Cirrhosis
  • Model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score
  • Portal hypertension
  • Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free