A Personality Trait - Based Interactionist Model of Job Performance

  • Tett R
  • Dawn D. Burnett
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Abstract

See, stats, and : https : / / www . researchgate . net / publication / 10702140 A - Based of Article DOI : 10 . 1037 / 0021 - 9010 . 88. 3 . 500 : PubMed CITATIONS 739 READS 9 , 680 2 , including : Robert . Tett University 45 , 305 SEE All . Tett . The .Evidenceforsituationalspecificityofpersonality–jobperformancerelationscallsforbetterunderstand-ingofhowpersonalityisexpressedasvaluedworkbehavior.Onthebasisofaninteractionistprincipleoftraitactivation(R.P.Tett&H.A.Guterman,2000),amodelisproposedthatdistinguishesamong5situationalfeaturesrelevanttotraitexpression(jobdemands,distracters,constraints,releasers,andfacilitators),operatingattask,social,andorganizationallevels.Trait-expressiveworkbehaviorisdistinguishedfrom(valued)jobperformanceinclarifyingtheconditionsfavoringpersonalityuseinselectionefforts.Themodelframeslinkagesbetweensituationaltaxonomies(e.g.,J.L.Holland's[1985]RIASECmodel)andtheBigFiveandpromotesusefuldiscussionofcriticalissues,includingsituationalspecificity,personality-orientedjobanalysis,teambuilding,andworkmotivation.Meta-analyseshaveshownrepeatedlythatpersonalitymeasurescanpredictjobperformancefairlywellundercertainconditionstomovebeyondthisdescriptiveapproachtoconsiderthetheoreticalbasesofpersonalitytrait–performancelinkages.Truetotheaimsofthescientist-practitioner,itishopedthat,throughbetterunderstandingofsuchrelationships,thepoten-tialutilityofpersonalitymeasuresinselectionmightbemorefullyrealized.Ourgoalistopresentaperson–situationinteractionistmodelofjobperformancethatlaysthegroundworkforspecifyingthecon-ditionsunderwhichparticularpersonalitytraitswillpredictper-formanceinparticularjobs.Itisintendedtohelpexplainwhypersonalitytraitmeasuresshowsituationalspecificityinpredictivevalidity,withrespectnotonlytorelationshipstrengthbutalsotodirection(i.e.,positivevs.negative;Tett,Jackson,Rothstein,&Reddon,1999).Ourmodeloffersbasesforimprovingyieldsfrompersonalitymeasuresinfittingpeoplewithjobs,includingappli-cationsinteamsandattemptstovitalizepersonalitytraitswithmotivationalforceinheighteningappreciationforthemastheo-retical—notjustdescriptive—constructs.Insettingthestageforthemodel,wereviewevidenceshowingsituationalspecificityinpersonality–performancelinkages,considerexistingapproachestoconceptualizingthepersonality–performancerelationship,andin-troduceaconceptoftraitactivation,formingtheheartoftheproposedmodel.Wepresentthemodelandidentifyanddiscussseveralhypothesesdrawnfromit.WethenusethemodeltointegrateexistingsituationaltaxonomiesandtheBigFiveinsum-marizingrecentresearchandhypothesesforfuturestudy.Finally,weapplythemodelinseveralways,targetingbetteruseofpersonalityinformationinworksettings.

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Authors

  • Robert P. Tett

  • Dawn D. Burnett

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