It has become commonly accepted during the past decade that biological research in northern Canada requires approval of northern residents before work can proceed. Researchers must inform residents of communities in or adjacent to study areas about research plans and objectives prior to initiating the fieldwork. Currently it is not only advisable, but mandatory, that researchers solicit and obtain support of aboriginal residents through their community governing bodies (Hunters and Trappers Committees, Band councils, etc.). Co- management boards established under land claim agreements (e.g., Fisheries Joint Management Committee, Nunavut Wildlife Management Board, Gwich'in Renewable Resource Board) have the task of assessing the relevance of research proposals to the communities. In light of current northern science policy regarding community consultation, it should be incumbent upon researchers to understand the basis for concerns that northern aboriginal people might have about proposed research projects. In this paper, I address these concerns.
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