Pharmacoeconomics of influenza vaccination for healthy working adults: Reviewing the available evidence

  • Postma M
  • Jansema P
  • van Genugten M
 et al. 
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Abstract

A favourable pharmacoeconomic profile has been well established for influenza vaccination in the elderly. For employers relevant benefits seem to exist for vaccinating healthy working adults to avert absenteeism and related production losses. From a pharmacoeconomic point of view it is relevant to consider whether societal benefits of vaccination for healthy working adults is worthwhile given the costs of vaccination for the community. We searched Medline and Embase using the key words influenza (vaccination) in combination with cost, cost-benefit, cost-effectiveness, efficiency, economic evaluation, health-policy and pharmacoeconomics. From this primary search, we selected 11 studies concerned with the group of healthy working adults. We reviewed these studies according to several criteria: benefit-to-cost (B/C) ratio;vaccine effectiveness, influenza incidence, number of days of work absence due to illness; and relative cost of the vaccine. Three studies on vaccinating healthy working adults found costs exceeding the benefits (B/C-ratio

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Authors

  • Maarten J. Postma

  • Paul Jansema

  • Marianne L.L. van Genugten

  • Marie Louise A. Heijnen

  • Johannes C. Jager

  • Lolkje T.W. de Jong-van den Berg

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