Vildagliptin is an orally effective, potent, and selective inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) that improves glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, time-lagged, parallel-group study in a total of 60 healthy Chinese participants. Single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, and safety and tolerability of vildagliptin were assessed following administration of 25, 50, 100, or 200 mg qd, or 50 mg bid. Vildagliptin was rapidly absorbed (tmax 1.5-2.0 hours) across the dose range of 25 to 200 mg and was quickly eliminated with a terminal elimination half-life (t1/2) of approximately 2 hours. Consistent with the short t1/2, no accumulation of vildagliptin was observed following the administration of multiple doses (accumulation factors were 1.00-1.05 across the 25- to 200-mg dose range). Vildagliptin AUC and Cmax values increased in an approximately dose-proportional fashion (dose proportionality constant beta 1.00-1.16). Administration of vildagliptin 25 to 200 mg led to rapid and near-complete (>95%) inhibition of DPP-4 activity for at least 4 hours after dosing, which was associated with increases in plasma active glucagon-like peptide-1 of up to 2- to 3-fold compared with placebo. The duration of DPP-4 inhibition increased with dose. Glucose and insulin levels were not affected by vildagliptin in healthy participants, consistent with the fact that the glucose-lowering effects of vildagliptin occur in a glucose-dependent fashion. Vildagliptin was well tolerated at the highest tested dose of 200 mg qd. Vildagliptin 25 to 200 mg qd exhibits approximately dose-proportional pharmacokinetics with no evidence of accumulation after multiple dosing in healthy Chinese participants. Vildagliptin demonstrates potent inhibition of DPP-4 activity with excellent tolerability at doses of up to and including 200 mg qd.
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