Journal article

Pharmacologic and behavioral withdrawal from addictive drugs

Baker T, Japuntich S, Hogle J, McCarthy D, Curtin J ...see all

Current Directions in Psychological Science, vol. 15, issue 5 (2006) pp. 232-236

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Recent theories suggest that drug withdrawal does not motivate drug use and relapse. However, data now show that withdrawal produces complex changes over time in at least two symptoms (i.e., negative affect and urges) that are highly predictive of relapse. Evidence suggests that falling levels of the drug in the blood and interruption of the drug self-administration ritual both affect these symptoms. Both of these forms of withdrawal motivate renewed drug use in addicted individuals.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Drug withdrawal
  • Smoking
  • Tobacco dependence
  • Tobacco withdrawal

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  • Timothy B. Baker

  • Sandra J. Japuntich

  • Joanne M. Hogle

  • Danielle E. McCarthy

  • John J. Curtin

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