Phase transitions and relaxation processes in ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers probed by fluorescence spectroscopy

  • Yamaki S
  • Prado E
  • Atvars T
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Abstract

The steady-state fluorescence of pyrene and anthracene are used to investigate the relaxation processes of several random ethylene-co-vinyl acetate copolymers, EVA, with defined comonomer compositions (EVA-9, EVA-18, EVA-25, EVA-33 and EVA-40). The temperature of the relaxation processes are compared with those of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc). The polymer relaxation processes are assigned to Tg= 300-310 K (glass transition temperature of the PVAc); Tα= 270-300 K (relaxation processes of the ethylene units present in LDPE and EVA); Tg= 220-250 K (glass transition of the LDPE and of the EVA); Tγor Tβ= 160-190 K (relaxation processes of interfacial defects of methylenic chains of LDPE and rotation of the acetate group of the PVAc and the EVA); and Tγ= 90-130 K (relaxation processes of small sequences of methylene units of LDPE and end groups of PVAc). An Arrhenius-type function was employed as an attempt to represent the experimental data of fluorescence intensity versus temperature above the γ-relaxation temperature. As obtained with other techniques, there is not a simple relationship between the polymer relaxation processes and the vinyl acetate content that can be explained by the morphology in these copolymers. © 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Anthracene
  • Ethylene-co-vinyl acetate copolymers
  • Fluorescence spectroscopy
  • Phase transitions
  • Pyrene
  • Relaxation processes

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Authors

  • S. B. Yamaki

  • E. A. Prado

  • T. D.Z. Atvars

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