Photosystem I/molecular wire/metal nanoparticle bioconjugates for the photocatalytic production of H2

  • Grimme R
  • Lubner C
  • Bryant D
 et al. 
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Photosystem I (PS I) is a robust photosynthetic complex that adeptly captures photons to create a charge-separated state with a quantum efficiency that approaches 1.0. This charge-separated state is stable for approximately 100 ms, and the low-potential reductant that is produced is poised at a redox potential favorable for H2 evolution. PS I has been covalently linked to Pt and Au nanoparticle surfaces by 1,6-hexanedithiol which serves as a molecular wire to both connect PS I to the particles and transfer electrons from the terminal electron transfer cofactor of PS I, FB, to the nanoparticle. Illumination of these Photosystem I/molecular wire/nanoparticle bioconjugates is able to catalyze the reaction: 2H+ + 2e(-)--> H2. Transfer of the electrons from PS I to the nanoparticle through the molecular wire is not rate-limiting for H2 evolution. Supplying the system with more efficient donor-side electron donating species results in a 5-fold increase in the rate of H2 evolution.

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