Phylogeny of photosynthetic euglenophytes based on combined chloroplast and cytoplasmic SSU rDNA sequence analysis

  • Milanowski R
  • Kosmala S
  • Zakryś B
 et al. 
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Abstract

Eighteen new 16S rDNA and 16 new 18S rDNA sequences from 24 strains, representing 23 species of photoautotrophic euglenoids, were obtained in nearly their entire length. Maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian phylogenetic analyses were performed on separate data (39 se- quences of 16S rDNA and 58 sequences of 18S rDNA), as well as on combined data sets (37 se- quences). All methods of sequence analysis gave similar results in those cases in which the clades received substantial support. However, the com- bined data set produced several additional well- supported clades, not encountered before in the analyses of green euglenoids. There are three main well-defined clades (A, B/C/D, and G) on trees from the combined data set. Clade G diverges first, while clades A and B/C/D form sister groups. Clade A consists of Euglena species sensu stricto and is di- vided into three sub-clades (A1, A2, and A3). Clade A3 (composed of E. deses and E. mutabilis) branches off first; then, two sister clades emerge: A1 (com- posed of E. viridis-like species) and A2 (consisting of E. agilis and E. gracilis species). Clade B/C/D consists of the Strombomonas, Trachelomonas, Cryptoglena, Monomorphina, and Colacium genera. Clade G comprises Phacus and Lepocinclis, as well as the Discoglena species of Euglena, with Discoglena branching off first, and then Phacus and Lepocinclis emerging as sister groups. Key

Author-supplied keywords

  • Colacium
  • Cryptoglena
  • Endosymbiosis
  • Euglena
  • Euglenozoa
  • Eutreptia
  • Eutreptiella
  • Lepocinclis
  • Molecular phylogeny
  • Monomorphina
  • Phacus
  • Ribosomal RNA
  • SSU rDNA
  • Strombomonas
  • Trachelomonas

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