Physical activity, obesity, nutritional health and quality of life in low-income Hispanic adults with diabetes.

  • Hu J
  • Wallace D
  • Tesh A
  • 2

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Abstract

The study examined relationships among age, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, nutritional health, quality of life, and health-related quality of life in Hispanic adults with diabetes (N = 59) using the PRECEDE-PROCEED planning model as a framework. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews at clinics and communities. A regression model with predisposing factors (age, BMI), and behavior (nutritional health and physical activity) significantly predicted quality of life (R2 = 0.21, F = 3.63, p < .05) explaining 21% of variance. Physical activity and nutrition were the strongest predictors. Culturally competent intervention strategies must include factors that improve and enhance quality of life.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weights and Measures
  • Checklists
  • Coefficient Alpha
  • Conceptual Framework
  • Convenience Sample
  • Correlational Studies
  • Descriptive Research
  • Descriptive Statistics
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Diabetic Patients
  • Female
  • Ferrans and Powers Quality of Life Index
  • Funding Source
  • Hemoglobin A, Glycosylated
  • Hispanics
  • Human
  • Interviews
  • Male
  • Middle Age
  • Multiple Regression
  • Multitrait-Multimethod
  • Nonprobability Sample
  • Nutritional Assessment
  • Nutritional Status
  • Obesity
  • Pearson's Correlation Coefficient
  • Physical Activity
  • Physical Activity -- Evaluation
  • Poverty
  • Quality of Life
  • Quality of Life -- Evaluation
  • Questionnaires
  • Southeastern United States
  • Summated Rating Scaling
  • Translations

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Authors

  • J Hu

  • D C Wallace

  • A S Tesh

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