Physical activity and self-perceived health status

  • Kaleta D
  • Makowiec-Da̧browska T
  • Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk E
 et al. 
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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Recently more attention has been focused on the impact of physical activity on modification of self-perceived heath status in adults. The objective of the study was to evaluate the level of occupational and non-occupational physical activities and their correlation with self-perceived heath status among economically productive individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Physical activity of the subjects studied was evaluated by the Seven Day Physical Activity Recall (SDPAR) questionnaire among randomly chosen residents of the city of Lodz (n = 598, including 299 women and 299 men). The examination of the subjective health assessment was conducted based on the analogue visual scale. RESULTS: The multifactorial logistic regression analysis indicated that weekly energy expenditure on occupational physical activity (kcal/week) did not play a significant role in self-perception of health status among men or women. Neither did the outcome of the study provide evidence for the significant effect of housework load on self-perceived health status among the study participants. However, a sufficient level of leisure-time physical activity in a beneficial way affects health-related self-perception of the examined subjects. In the group of men expending 1000 kcal/week or more on leisure-time physical activity, the risk for poor health-related self-report was significantly lower than among men declaring no energy expenditure on this activity (adjusted odds ratio (OR = 0.29, 95% CI: 0.13-0.66). Among females not taking up any recreational physical activity, the risk of low self-perceived health status was also higher than in females reaching a satisfactory level of recreational physical activity (adjusted OR = 0.38, 95% CI: 0.17-0.87). CONCLUSIONS: Preventive programs aimed at improving subjective health assessment through the increased leisure-time physical activity should be addressed to all economically productive individuals and particularly to people of older age groups and above all to females.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adults
  • Housework physical activity
  • Leisure-time physical activity
  • Occupational physical activity
  • Self-perceived health status

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Authors

  • Dorota Kaleta

  • Teresa Makowiec-Da̧browska

  • Elzbieta Dziankowska-Zaborszczyk

  • Anna Jegier

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