Physical Fitness and Fatness in Adolescents with Intellectual Disabilities

  • Salaun L
  • Berthouze-Aranda S
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Abstract

Background This study investigated health-related fitness in adolescents with intellectual disabilities and analysed the various performances in physical fitness tests according to degrees of obesity. Materials and Methods Eighty-seven French intellectual disabilities adolescents (14.24 ± 1.48 years) performed the EUROFIT physical fitness test battery. Height, weight and waist circumference were assessed, and BMI and waist-to-height ratio were calculated. ‘Bio-impedancemetry’ evaluated body fat (BF) percentage. Results Ninety-four per cent of the adolescents completed the aerobic running test, 52% of which had low VO2max. Thirty-seven per cent were obese (%BF), and 32% had excess visceral adipose tissue. Adolescents with the lowest cardiorespiratory fitness had the highest BF percentages (P 

Author-supplied keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Cardiorespiratory fitness
  • Fat mass
  • Intellectual disabilities
  • Obesity
  • Physical fitness

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Authors

  • Laureline Salaun

  • Sophie E. Berthouze-Aranda

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