Pilot study of a cognitive behavioral group intervention to prevent further weight gain in Hispanic individuals with schizophrenia.

  • Weber M
  • Colon M
  • Nelson M
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BACKGROUND: Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing significantly in the Hispanic population and in the Hispanic population with schizophrenia. In the Diabetes Prevention Project (DPP), cognitive-behavioral (CB) interventions were more effective in reducing weight and preventing diabetes.

OBJECTIVE: To test a CB group intervention based on the DPP model among Hispanic individuals with schizophrenia on weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist-hip circumference (WH).

STUDY DESIGN: Pilot study using a pre-post quasi-experimental design and convenience sample of 8 subjects from a public mental health clinic who met for 8 weekly group meetings.

RESULTS: No significant differences in BMI, weight, or WH scores based on t-test results; the subjects' weight remained stable, there was a trend toward weight loss, and no one gained weight during the trial.

CONCLUSIONS: No further weight gain is a finding that merits further research using a larger sample size and a randomized controlled design. J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc, 2008; 13(6), 353-359.

Author-supplied keywords

  • as well as both
  • behavioral group intervention
  • cognitive
  • diabetes
  • have been associ-
  • obesity
  • schizophrenia
  • the illness of schizophrenia
  • tional and atypical antipsychotics
  • tradi-

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  • Mary Weber

  • Marco Colon

  • Monica Nelson

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