Thirty subjects with comorbid schizophrenia and alcohol use disorders were randomly assigned to receive either a Motivational Interviewing (MI) or Educational Treatment (ET) intervention with treatment goals of abstinence and/or decreased alcohol use. Subjects were followed up at 4, 8 and 24-weeks upon completion of the interventions. Outcome measures included number of drinking days, abstinence rates, average blood alcohol concentration and standard ethanol content per drinking day. Subjects randomized to the MI intervention had a significant reduction in drinking days and an increase in abstinence rates when compared to subjects receiving ET. Motivational Interviewing may be a useful treatment intervention for individuals with schizophrenia and alcoholism.
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