Pitch prediction from MFCC vectors for speech reconstruction

  • Xu Shao
  • Milner B
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The paper proposes a technique for reconstructing an acoustic speech signal solely from a stream of Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCCs). Previous speech reconstruction methods have required an additional pitch element, but this work proposes two maximum a posteriori (MAP) methods for predicting pitch from the MFCC vectors themselves. The first method is based on a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) while the second scheme utilises the temporal correlation available from a hidden Markov model (HMM) framework. A formal measurement of both frame classification accuracy and RMS pitch error shows that an HMM-based scheme with 5 clusters per state is able to classify correctly over 94% of frames and has an RMS pitch error of 3.1 Hz in comparison to a reference pitch. Informal listening tests and analysis of spectrograms reveals that speech reconstructed solely from the MFCC vectors is almost indistinguishable from that using the reference pitch.

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  • Xu Shao

  • B. Milner

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