Plane parallel albedo biases from satellite observations. Part II: parameterizations for bias removal

  • Oreopoulos L
  • Davies R
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Abstract Due to cloud heterogeneity and the nonlinear dependence of albedo on cloud water content, the average albedo of a cloudy scene found by calculating the albedo of independent pixels within the scene tends to be different from the albedo calculated using the average cloud water in the scene. This difference, termed the plane parallel albedo bias (PPH bias), which has previously been estimated from limited case studies, is evaluated here for the first time using an extensive set of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer data over oceanic scenes. This dataset yields visible PPH biases that range from 0.02 to 0.30, depending in part on the size of the scene, the viewing–illumination directions, and the assumptions made retrieving cloud optical depths. The PPH biases increase when atmospheric effects are accounted for but are relatively insensitive to assumptions about cloud microphysics. Due to the limitations of a one-dimensional retrieval, they tend to increase with solar zenith angle and to be la...

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  • Lazaros Oreopoulos

  • Roger Davies

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