Platelets attenuate production of cytokines and nitric oxide by macrophages in response to bacterial endotoxin

  • Ando Y
  • Oku T
  • Tsuji T
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Abstract

Considerable evidence has been accumulated concerning the roles of platelets in immune responses. In the present study, we examined the functional modulation of macrophages by platelets. When mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were co-cultured with platelets, BMDMs produced lower levels of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 in response to a bacterial endotoxin (LPS) and zymosan. The attenuation in the macrophage susceptibility to LPS appeared to be mediated by soluble factors secreted from platelets. The mRNA levels of NOS2 (iNOS), TNF-α, and IL-6 in LPS-stimulated BMDMs that had been cultured with a conditioned medium of platelets were also decreased as analyzed by RT-qPCR. The ability of the platelet-conditioned medium to suppress macrophage NO production was recovered in a high-molecular-weight fraction (>670 kDa) after gel-filtration chromatography on a Superose 6 column. These results suggest that platelets control the susceptibility of macrophages to prevent excessive responses to LPS and provide mechanistic insight into a previous report that experimental thrombocytopenia aggravated organ failure in LPS-induced endotoxemia.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Bacterial endotoxin
  • cytokines
  • macrophage
  • nitric oxide
  • platelet

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Authors

  • Yusuke Ando

  • Teruaki Oku

  • Tsutomu Tsuji

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