Background To investigate the efficacy of a topically applied hemostatic agent used to reduce blood loss in patients undergoing simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods Thirty-two patients (5 male, 27 female) mean age 65 ± 9.3 (46-80) undergoing single-stage bilateral TKA were enrolled in the study and divided in two groups. Groups 1 and 2 consisted of patients with body mass index (BMI) 30, respectively. Polysaccharide hemostatic agent (PHA; 3 g) was applied topically to the right knees of each patient intraoperatively. The left knees were used as controls. A negative suction drain was used and the effect of PHA and BMI on postoperative bleeding was evaluated. Results Blood loss was significantly higher (p = 0.027, r = 0.397) for patients with higher BMI. Treatment by local application of PHA to potential bleeding sites significantly reduced blood loss-314 ± 151 ml (50-600) for the right knees versus 468 ± 140 ml (150-700) for the left knees (p = 0.007) in group 1; 420 ± 251 ml (100-900) for the right knees versus 620 ± 229 ml (350-1125) for the left knees (p = 0.036) in group 2. Blood loss reduction between the right and left knees was no different between the two groups (p = 0.173). Conclusions By reducing blood loss and the need for postoperative blood transfusion in patients with high BMI, PHA can be of value as adjuvant therapy in new bloodmanagement procedures in major joint-replacement surgery. © The Japanese Orthopaedic Association 2012.
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