Postsurgery enteral nutrition in head and neck cancer patients.

  • DA L
  • R A
  • O I
 et al. 
  • 2

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Patients with head and neck cancer undergoing surgery have a high incidence of postoperative complications. The aim of our study was to investigate whether postoperative nutrition of head and neck cancer patients, using an arginine-enriched diet, could improve nutritional variables as well as clinical outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Tertiary care. SUBJECTS: A population of 47 patients with oral and laryngeal cancer were enrolled. INTERVENTIONS: At surgery patients were randomly allocated to two groups: (a) patients receiving an enteral diet supplemented with arginine and fiber (group I); (b) patients receiving an isocaloric, isonitrogenous enteral formula (group II). RESULTS: No significant intergroup differences in the trend of the three plasma proteins and lymphocytes were detected. Gastrointestinal tolerance (diarrhea) of both formulas was good (17.4% group I and 8.3% group II; NS). During the 3 months after hospital discharge five patients died; no differences were detected between groups (13% group I and 8.3% group II; NS). The incidences postoperative infection complications were similar (nine patients) in both groups (21.7% group I and 16.7% group II; NS). Fistula were less frequent in enriched nutrition group (0% group I and 20.8% group II; P

Author-supplied keywords

  • enteral nutrition
  • head and neck cancer
  • surgery

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Authors

  • Luis DA

  • Aller R

  • Izaola O

  • Cuellar L

  • Terroba MC

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