Posttraumatic idioms of distress among Darfur refugees: HozuN and Majnun

  • Rasmussen A
  • Katoni B
  • Keller A
 et al. 
  • 81

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 18

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Although psychosocial programming is seen as essential to the humanitarian response to the Darfur conflict, aid groups lack culturally-appropriate assessment instruments for monitoring and evaluation. The current study used an emic-etic integrated approach to: (i) create a culturally-appropriate measure of distress (Study 1), and (ii) test the measure in structured interviews of 848 Darfuris living in two refugee camps in Chad (Study 2). Traditional healers identified two trauma-related idioms, hozun and majnun, which shared features with but were not identical to posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Measures of these constructs were reliable and correlated with trauma, loss, and functional impairment. Exploratory factor analysis resulted in empirical symptom clusters conceptually parallel to general Western psychiatric constructs. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for psychosocial programming.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Darfur
  • idioms of distress
  • posttraumatic stress disorder
  • refugees
  • war

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Authors

  • Andrew Rasmussen

  • Basila Katoni

  • Allen S. Keller

  • John Wilkinson

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free