Posttraumatic stress symptom trajectories in children living in families reported for family violence

  • Nugent N
  • Saunders B
  • Williams L
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present study examined latent class trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and associations between demographics, prior trauma, and reason for referral on class membership. Children ages 7-18 (n=201) were recruited for participation in the Navy Family Study following reports to the U.S. Navy's Family Advocacy Program (FAP). Initial interviews were conducted 2-6 weeks following FAP referral, with follow-ups conducted at 9-12, 18-24, and 36-40 months. Growth mixture modeling revealed two latent class trajectories: a resilient class and a persistent symptom class. Relative to youth in the resilient class, participants in the persistent symptom class were more likely to be older and to report exposure to a greater number of trauma experiences at Time 1.

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Authors

  • Nicole R. Nugent

  • Benjamin E. Saunders

  • Linda M. Williams

  • Rochelle Hanson

  • Daniel W. Smith

  • Monica M. Fitzgerald

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