Is there a potential role for attention bias modification in pain patients? Results of 2 randomised, controlled trials

  • Sharpe L
  • Ianiello M
  • Dear B
 et al. 
  • 2

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • N/A

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

Potential applications of attention bias modification (ABM) for acute and chronic pain patients are investigated. In study 1, 54 acute back pain patients (46 of whom completed the study) were recruited at their initial physiotherapy session and randomised to receive 1 session of ABM or placebo. Patients were followed up 3 months later. Participants who were randomised to receive ABM reported less average (P = 0.001) and current pain (P = 0.008) and experienced pain for fewer days (P = 0.01) than those who received placebo. In study 2, 34 chronic pain patients were recruited and randomly assigned to receive either 4 sessions of ABM (n = 22) or placebo (n = 12), followed by 8 sessions of cognitive behavioural treatment (CBT). After ABM, there was a significant group-by-time effect for disability. By 6-month follow-up, differences had emerged between the 2 training groups, such that the ABM group had shown greater reductions in anxiety sensitivity and disability than the placebo group. Although the results of these studies show that there is potential in the application of ABM to pain conditions, the mechanisms of treatment could not be established. Neither group showed an initial bias towards the word stimuli or a training effect, and only in the acute pain group were changes in biases related to outcome. Nonetheless, the fact that 2 independent samples showed a positive effect of ABM on clinical outcomes suggests that ABM is worthy of future study as an intervention for pain patients. 2011 International Association for the Study of Pain. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • anxiety
  • article
  • attention bias modification
  • backache/th [Therapy]
  • chronic pain/th [Therapy]
  • cognitive therapy
  • disability
  • follow up
  • human
  • physiotherapy
  • placebo
  • priority journal
  • psychotherapy
  • randomized controlled trial (topic)

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Authors

  • L Sharpe

  • M Ianiello

  • Bf Dear

  • Perry K Nicholson

  • K Refshauge

  • Mk Nicholas

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free