Poverty levels and food demand of the poor in Turkey

  • Sengul S
  • Tuncer İ
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This study examines poverty levels and the food demand of poor and extremely poor households in Turkey by using the Household Consumption Expenditure Survey of 1994, produced by the State Institute of Statistics+ First, a least-cost food poverty line was determined+ Then, some aggregate poverty measures, namely the Head-Count Ratio, the Poverty Gap Ratio, the Sen Index and the Foster, Greer and Thorbecke Index, were calculated and employed for assessment of poverty levels in Turkey as a whole and in both urban and rural areas+ These indices indicate that approximately 46+8% of the households are poor, and 7+0% of the households are extremely poor in Turkey+ More- over, the extent, depth, severity, and intensity of poverty in rural areas of Turkey seem to be fairly high compared to urban areas+ In order to firmly combine food poverty and actual food consump- tion behavior, the Linearly Approximated Almost Ideal Demand System ~LA0AIDS! was esti- mated+ The results show that food demands of extremely poor households are more responsive to income and prices than are those of poor households in Turkey+ @EconLit citations: D120, O110, Q120+# © 2005Wiley Periodicals, Inc+

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  • Seda Sengul

  • İsmail Tuncer

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