A practical approach to understanding acid-base abnormalities in critical illness

  • Dzierba A
  • Abraham P
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Abstract

Acid-base disorders are common in the critically ill. Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis is frequently used to identify and manage acid-base disturbances. Using a systematic problem-solving approach to acid-base disturbances will facilitate the identification and assess the progression and severity of the metabolic and respiratory abnormality. The intent of this review is to examine acid-base physiology and regulation, provide a method to evaluate a patient's acid-base disorder, and provide therapeutic interventions.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Acid-base
  • Arterial blood gas
  • Critically ill
  • Intensive care

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Authors

  • Amy L. Dzierba

  • Prasad Abraham

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