Practical free-space quantum key distribution over 10 km in daylight and at night

  • Hughes R
  • Nordholt J
  • Derkacs D
 et al. 
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We have demonstrated quantum key distribution (QKD) over a 10-km, 1-airmass atmospheric range during daylight and at night. Secret random bit sequences of the quality required for the cryptographic keys used to initialize secure communications devices were transferred at practical rates with realistic security. By identifying the physical parameters that determine the system's secrecy efficiency, we infer that free-space QKD will be practical over much longer ranges under these and other atmospheric and instrumental conditions.

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  • Richard J. Hughes

  • Jane E. Nordholt

  • Derek Derkacs

  • Charles G. Peterson

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