The shocked neonate often causes anxiety in the ED. This article aims to provide a systematic, practical approach to recognition and initial management of these patients. Their resuscitation should follow a pattern of provision of oxygen, fluid resuscitation, blood glucose correction, inotropic support and ventilation. Practical tips for intravenous access and the rationale behind choice of inotrope and anaesthetic induction agent are discussed. The major underlying causes - sepsis, cardiac disease, metabolic disease and non-accidental injury - along with their investigation and management are considered.
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