Prediction of the chemiluminescent behavior of pharmaceuticals and pesticides

  • Lahuerta Zamora L
  • Fuster Mestre Y
  • Duart M
 et al. 
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Abstract

The present paper deals with the first attempt to apply molecular connectivity calculations to predict a chemical property with analytical usefulness: the chemiluminescent behavior of substances when reacted with common oxidants in a liquid phase. Preliminary evidence when searching for new direct CL methods consisted of the examination of analyte reaction with a wide range of oxidants and media. This task, which results in time-consuming and trial-and-error expensive procedures, is necessary due to ensure empirical or theoretical rules for CL prediction are available. On the other hand, in quantitative structure-activity relationship studies, molecular connectivity is a topological method capable of describing the structure of a molecule by means of numbers named indices; subsequent regression in relation to the experimental values of the physical, chemical, or biological properties yields a series of functions called connectivity functions. Discriminant analysis was applied to 200 either chemiluminescent or nonchemiluminescent substances found either bibliographically or in an experimental screening. The method used for the selection of descriptors was a stepwise linear discriminant analysis from the Snedecor F-parameter. The classification criterion used was the minimum value of Mahalanobis. The quality of the discriminant function was calculated through the Wilks U-statistical parameter. Finally, the function was applied to a database including of more than 50,000 structurally heterogeneous compounds. The theoretical predictions were faced with the empirical evidence obtained through a continuous-flow manifold.

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Authors

  • L. Lahuerta Zamora

  • Y. Fuster Mestre

  • M. J. Duart

  • G. M. Antón Fos

  • R. García Doménech

  • J. Gálvez Álvarez

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