In order to reduce the rolling force and the roll wear, the lubricants have been used in hot rolling of steel. In order to evaluate the tribological behavior at the interface between roll and workpiece in hot steel rolling, it is important to measure the coefficient of friction and examine the effect of the tribological factors on the coefficient of friction. In this paper, the effect of the rolling speed on the coefficient of friction is investigated using the tribo-simulator testing machine for hot rolling developed by the authors. The workpiece used is SPHC. The roll material is SKD11 and the surface roughnesses are 0.05 μm, 0.2 μm and 0.8 μm. The rolling tests are carried out at a temperature of 800 °C during a rolling distance of 400 mm, changing the rolling speed from 15 to 70 m/min. The colza oil is used as a base oil and the emulsion concentrations are 0.1% and 3.0%. The coefficient of friction at an emulsion concentration of 3.0% is independent on the rolling speed. On the other hand, the coefficient of friction at an emulsion concentration of 0.1% decreases with increasing rolling speed in the lower range of rolling speed, but it increases in increasing rolling speed in the higher range of rolling speed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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