Reviews studies of the pretherapy disclosure of expected role relationships. Results from both individual and group psychotherapy indicate that pretherapy role induction enhances therapy process and outcome. A major problem with these studies is that they confound role induction with manipulation of outcome expectancy or time limits or both. Positive outcome expectancy and time limits may themselves affect outcome. It is concluded that pretherapy role induction has great potential as a relatively inexpensive and simple procedure whereby psychotherapy may be made to be more efficient especially for lower socioeconomic class clients. (French summary) (32 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved).
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