Procrastination and intentions to perform health behaviors: The role of self-efficacy and the consideration of future consequences

  • Sirois F
  • 100

    Readers

    Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
  • 74

    Citations

    Citations of this article.

Abstract

The present study sought to extend previous research suggesting a relationship between trait procrastination and health behaviors by examining the behavioral intentions of procrastinators. Two cognitive variables (self-efficacy and the consideration of future consequences) were proposed to mediate the procrastination-intentions relationship. Students (n=182) were administered personality and health-related questionnaires and then asked to recall a past illness episode along with health behaviors that may have improved or prevented this experience. Intentions to actually perform one of the listed behaviors in the near future were then rated. A negative relation between trait procrastination and intentions to engage in health behaviors was found. Further, the weak intentions of procrastinators were mediated by a lower health-specific self-efficacy. The consideration of future consequences did not play a role in the procrastination-intentions relationship although it was moderately and negatively related to trait procrastination. These findings were consistent with the role of self-efficacy in intentions as theoretically proposed, and with previous work suggesting that procrastination is associated with low perceived behavioral control. © 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Author-supplied keywords

  • Future consequences
  • Health behaviors
  • Intentions
  • Procrastination
  • Self-efficacy

Get free article suggestions today

Mendeley saves you time finding and organizing research

Sign up here
Already have an account ?Sign in

Find this document

Cite this document

Choose a citation style from the tabs below

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free