The production of nanostructures by mechanical forming

  • Cross G
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The field of nanometre scale mechanical forming has seen rapid development
with the arrival of high resolution, massive parallel techniques
such as nanoimprint. Despite a growing number of devices and surface
architectures demonstrated, a more fundamental understanding of the
mechanics and physics underlying the forming operations is only beginning
to emerge. In this review, recent developments in understanding the
production of nanostructures through mechanical means at surfaces
are surveyed. The main focus is on the replica moulding of viscoelastic
liquids and the forging of amorphous solids, with fidelity to design
specification judged in terms of shape. The effects of sub-continuum
structure on the local specification of geometry will also be briefly

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  • Graham L.W. Cross

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